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Makes sense, I guess. Sight allows us to visually connect with everything around us. It is the key to the worlds we inhabit, real and imagined.


Therefore, what we see dictates how we feel, what we believe, creates memories, impression…. No one ever told Topsy that. Ethel Waters went through the same emotions, but she had her moment to shine. That gives me some hope. Topsy is introduced as a performer, so in my reimagining of her, I thought it necessary that I include sound.

Just as people of the time were interested in providing all sorts of supplementary material to create Topsy beyond the page, I wanted to explore what a more critical approach to her performance might look like. In quiet moments, what would Topsy hum to herself? Perhaps she had a tune that she picked up from before St. Clare, a tune that reminded her of a more carefree time. It is part of the slave tradition to sing while working.

In fact, Irish songs from their enslaved period have similar melodic make-up to black slave songs in the United States. People sing to cope and express deep pain. What would a Topsy spiritual sound like? What would she sing while she worked. This first song that I wrote is influenced by Jordan River, a popular gospel song in the negro tradition. Of course, it has a little Topsy spin on it. Some of the lyrics are self-deprecating, but I wanted to note the tone.

It is not meant to be jovial or forced, but rather a simple repeat of what she has always heard. She might have been told to sing it for guests or St. Clare one way, but maybe one day, she was feeling especially lonely or stubborn, so she sand the song a different way. The lyrics are absolutely deplorable, you guys. She used to knock me on de floor, Den bang my head agin de door, And tare my hair out by de core, Oh! Topsy has had quite the afterlife. Beyond the page, she was consumed on a mass scale by white audiences, performed by both white in blackface and black artists such as Ida Forsyne, and is credited with inspiring black artistry especially that associated with body movements.

This was part of the reason why the English responded so readily to the character. UTC Permanent marks are left from years of beatings, scarred skin, a darkened surface…. John Hoffar had a home on the corner where the First National Bank now stands. Just south of the square on Main Street the Alfred Pace home was on the east side and Thomas Allen's residence was directly across the street.

The post office was also in Allen's home. On Center Street the C. Ridings home was where the Bonham State Bank parking lot is. It is a good memory. How has your garden grown?

That year, my hearty sunflowers, Black-eyed Susans and herbs did pretty well, apparently well suited to the soil and weather. The squash grew to about the size of my little finger.

"Topsy and Eva" (1927)

And, as for my sweet peas. They grew and grew, eventually growing up the wall, but the blossoms never came, nor the fragrance. They never had a chance to grow in the cool moist soil of Spring, before being asked to share all their fragrant and colorful glory with us. Others fell upon rocky places where they had not much earth, straightway they sprang up and when the sun was risen, they were scorched, because they had no root. Others fell upon the thorns and the thorns grew up and choked them. Systemic optimism was required to create the projects, and abandoning that optimism often involves a radically revised and, some would argue, defeatist perspective.

If the problem is an overall mismatch between supply and demand, then why should any one organization make the supreme self-sacrifice rather than lobby hard for itself? Why not hang on until another organization goes under? The incentive to act collectively for the good of the community is not as powerful as the incentive to act selfishly, even if the latter option is ultimately self-defeating. So on the supply side at least, we are nearer the topsy-turvy world of freakonomics the fashionable name for the application of social choice theory to nonmarket situations than we are to the perfect markets of neoclassical theory.

How then, does the demand side look? Demand has stalled because the stimulative effects of increased supply have been more than offset by exogenous changes in the conditions that create demand for the live place-based experiences that remain central to mainstream institutionally based arts provision. These are:. Shelby, which shows that he is probably around fifty.

Wherever Uncle Tom goes, he loves and spreads comfort and kindness.

Reflections: Topsy: It Just Grew by Ruth Drummond, Paperback | Barnes & Noble®

He helps slaves escape, such as Eliza, Emmeline and Cassy. He also refuses to beat other slaves. Because of this, he is beaten himself. Stowe was not trying to make Tom an example for blacks but for white and black people. Eliza Harris is Mrs. Shelby's favorite maid, George Harris' wife, and Harry's mother.

Eliza is a brave, intelligent , and very beautiful young slave. Eliza loves her son, Harry, very much. It is possible her love for him was even greater because she lost two of her first infant children. Her motherly love is shown when she bravely escapes with her son.

This escape is said to have been inspired by a story heard in the Lane Theological Seminary in Cincinnati by John Rankin to Stowe's husband Calvin, a professor at the school. In Rankin's story, in February, , a young slave woman had escaped across the frozen Ohio River to the town of Ripley, Ohio with her child in her arms and stayed at his house before she had gone further towards the north.

Clare and Marie's angelic daughter. She enters the story when Tom saves her from drowning when he was going to be sold.

Upside Down and Open Hearted | D’varim HaMakom: The JOFEE Fellows Blog

Eva asks her father to buy Tom. She says, "I want to make him happy". Clare's leading coachman and Eva's "especial attendant helper Tom had Her face was remarkable less for its perfect beauty of features than for a singular strange and dreamy earnestness seriousness of expression To Tom, she " She is very sad about slavery.

She does not see the difference between blacks and whites. She talks very much about love and forgiveness. Even Topsy is touched by her love. March 23rd marked one month since returning back to Hazon Detroit, and I continue to be excited about the work I get to do every day. Through working on each of the different events and programs, I feel myself contributing to a place that has given so much to me and my family.

Even a month into my Summer Fellowship, I am still excited about the work we do. It brings me joy to know that the work I am doing every day is done in the name of bringing people together, to bringing healing, and to bringing the world even a little closer to that of our vision.

Detroit feels like home to me — I feel its love when I am here, and I feel myself wanting to give back my love to Detroit, its people, its natural resources, and its history. I look forward to the opportunity to return my love back to Detroit for the rest of the summer! We create healthier and more sustainable communities in the Jewish world and beyond. Home 1.